Everything You Will Need to Know About Pregnancy Ultra Sound
Ultra sound is a procedure where ultrasonic waves are used chiefly for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes by getting pictures on internal organs and generation of localized heat to the body tissues. Additionally, ultrasound can be used to monitor the fetus during pregnancy. Pregnancy ultra sound is the process of obtaining an image of the fetus through measuring vibrations returned as the device used emits high-frequency sound waves.
A sound, also referred to as a sonogram, is invited to pregnant women to track the developing fetus as well the woman’s reproductive organs. The amount of occasions to carry out a sonogram changes from one pregnancy to another. One of the reasons for a pregnancy ultra sound is to screen for any complications that may be arising so that they may be taken care of. There are various sorts of ultra sound ranging from the conventional to more advanced ones like 3-D ultra sound and 4-D ultrasound.
Why a Pregnancy Ultra Sound?
Sonograms are carried out during the different trimesters of pregnancy for various reasons but are also discouraged if there is no medical benefit. However, if from the previous blood test, a problem was detected, your doctor can order for more ultra sounds. Some parents, out of curiosity use ultra sound to determine the sex of the baby before birth.
During the first trimester, ultrasounds are done to confirm pregnancy, check the fetal heartbeat and also to diagnose miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. Furthermore, they are utilized to ascertain the old age of the fetus and predict its own due date and check for the chance of multiple pregnancies.
During the second and third trimesters which starts from twelve months to birth, ultrasounds are utilized to track the development of the fetus and its own position, determine the sex of the infant, track the levels of amniotic fluid and also the period of the cervix as well as to detect some originating abnormalities.
Different Types of Ultra Sound
Transabdominal ultra sound
This is the most common with pregnancies and a full bladder is advised since sound waves travel faster in liquid. You lay down to around twenty minutes on your back as your supplier applies a thin coating of gel on your belly to help sound waves to move easily as you attempt to get the image.
The difference of a transvaginal sonogram from the previous one is that the provider moves a transducer into the birth canal as you lie on your back.
There are also sonograms carried out on special cases as explained below.
3-D ultra sound
3-D ultrasound involves taking a thousand pictures at once taking a 3-D image that is clearer almost like a photograph. It is utilized to ensure normal growth of the infant and occasionally for to find from any issues with the uterus.
4-D ultra solid
4-D ultra sound does not have any much difference with the 3-D ultrasound but its innovative as it reveals the baby’s movements in a video.
A fetal echocardiography is carried out if your doctor finds some heart defects in your baby. It takes time as compared to the standard ultra sounds. It is in a position of capturing the heart structures of the baby and helps analyze the hearts’ functioning thus diagnosing any heart problems.